hand holding small shellfish


All fifteen towns within Barnstable County purchase young oysters, quahogs, and other shellfish (also called seed shellfish) from hatcheries that are then planted in coastal waters for the benefit of shellfishing programs. As a service to these towns a bid program was developed to provide greater buying power as a group while reducing costs and improving delivery reliability.   Since the program was developed in the late 1990’s the MA Division of Marine Fisheries, Barnstable County, Woods Hole Sea Grant, and the individual towns have all provided funds over the years to support the purchase of shellfish seed in bulk.

Fiscal Year 2022 COVID-19 Related Rapid Response Funding Opportunity for Municipal Shellfish Propagation Support

As part of a National Sea Grant funding program, Woods Hole Sea Grant (WHSG) and MIT Sea Grant (MITSG) in partnership with Cape Cod Cooperative Extension (CCCE), are sponsoring another round of COVID-19 Related Rapid Response Funding for municipal propagation resources.  All municipalities within the coastal communities of Massachusetts (Barnstable, Bristol, Dukes, Essex, Plymouth, Norfolk, Nantucket, and Suffolk counties) are eligible to apply to this COVID-19 Response Funding program.

For more information and to begin the application process please download the form here: RFP – MA Sea Grants – Covid Response Shellfish Propagation

Application Deadline: Friday October 15th at 4:00 PM.  Applicants must use the provided application forms and must submit the package electronically to badgerd@mit.edu

Purpose & Goal:
The primary goal of the COVID-19 Response Funding program is to help municipalities manage shellfish resources and assist shellfish-based communities who have been negatively impacted by the pandemic. This is in response to the issue of municipalities experiencing reduced volunteer labor, budget cuts for maintaining shellfish resources, and higher levels of shellfish harvesting activity in many cases. Municipalities may propose actions that lead to the maintenance and enhancement of municipal shellfish fishery beds and/or that support members of the shellfishing and aquaculture industries (please see Section III below: Priorities and Eligible Activities).

A secondary goal of this program is to gather information on the current impact or effectiveness of various shellfish enhancement strategies. Municipalities will be required to describe in their proposals, and incorporate into their work, some form of evaluation of the effectiveness of the strategies undertaken with these funds, with technical assistance and oversight from MITSG/WHSG/CCCE staff. This information will be used as a quantitative measure of enhancement in resource availability and industry health after the activity as compared to before the activity, and will be compiled, reported, and shared with awardees, fellow shellfish managers and local management groups.

If you have any questions or concerns, please do not hesitate to contact one of the following individuals.

Danny Badger (617) 253-9308 badgerd@mit.edu
Harriet Booth (508) 375-6634 harriet.booth@capecod.gov
Carolina Bastidas (617) 253-3438 bastidas@mit.edu
Joshua Reitsma (508) 375-6950 jreitsma@capecod.gov
Abigail Archer (508) 375-6702 aarcher@capecod.gov

Since 1999 the County Municipal Shellfish Propagation Program has worked with the towns to coordinate a bulk purchase of shellfish seed; the group purchasing power allows seed to be purchased at a good price and at a set time from local hatcheries.  Town staff contact County Marine Program staff with their needs for the year, the County issues a general request for bids and the lowest bidder is awarded the contract.

To get an overview of the amount of seed purchased through this bid program see the tables below summarizing the yearly purchases of quahog seed and bags of oyster seed remotely set on cultch (remote set).  A number of towns also purchase additional seed to support their town propagation programs outside of the bid to suit each unique town program.

The municipal shellfish programs take the shellfish seed and grow them to a size where they are less vulnerable to the many predators in the marine environment. The shellfish are then planted in recreational and commercial shellfishing areas to supplement wild shellfish stocks. To learn more about the process of working with remote set oyster, check out the Marine Bulletin on the topic: Restoring Oysters Through Remote Set

A 2009 survey of town shellfisheries documented 17,000 recreational (resident, non-resident, and senior) shellfish permits sold in Barnstable County, and 1100 commercial permits. All these individuals or families involved in shellfishing activity benefited directly from municipal propagation programs and the seed purchased through the county municipal bid program.  In addition, this shellfishing activity generates economic activity in the region. A 2002 report (An Economic Valuation of Recreational Shellfishing on Cape Cod by D. Damery and P. Allen) estimated the value of recreational shellfishing to be $7.4 million that year.  Also, an environmental benefit is that shellfish promote the cycling and removal of excess nutrients in the water bodies in which they are grown.